Fish tank filter is equipment greatly relevant in aquatic animals and plants development. A fish tank is an artificial water habitat set aside to raise fishes for commercial purpose, beauty, and other relevant reasons. The filter is basically used to eradicate excess or unwanted food, free-flowing specks of dirt, chemicals, fish waste products and other unwanted contaminants. Well before going into the relevance of introducing filters, you must understand the hazards of all these waste. They are so harmful to the success and well-doing of the fishes. As long as fishes keep swimming, they keep excreting and releasing waste. If they are not tightly controlled and kept clean it will be harmful to their health. These waste products from the fishes can release toxins after staying a while in the water then it becomes a problem to the fishes as it will affect their smooth breathing. This after product of the waste is called ammonia poison and it has a tendency to kill the fishes. The water could become cloudy and dirty if all these extra contaminants are not completely eradicated especially if the fishes are of large quantity and size.
Methods Of Filtration In Using Fish Tank Filters
In using fish tank filters, filtration menthols are very important to understand. These methods are what make filtration process successful and complete. Most school of thoughts will say they biological filtration method is the most important but it is important to know that chemical and mechanical filtration is very relevant if the process of filtration must be complete. The different methods of filtration include the following:
- Biological filtration method: This filtration method basically deals with microorganisms especially bacteria and fungi. The waste of the fishes come together to form ammonia which is very toxic to the health of the fishes but through this biological filtration every single ammonia is converted to nitrite and later converted to nitrate. This nitrate has zero effect on fishes but should not stay long in the tanks as it may later cause damages like kidney issues, liver damage, gills damage which will obstruct breathing, lack of appetite and several other issues. During interval dispatch of water, the nitrate should be sent out accordingly. One major process in this method is cycling as it helps in ensuring the process of biological evacuation of contaminants is completely done.
- Chemical filtration method: Chemical filtration is just as the name implies. It involves filtering the chemically harmful constituents in the water. In this filtration, chemical resins are used to remove every harmful toxin in the water. Filter carbons are used as well to remove chemically harmful substances in the water and this must be changed at interval times to ensure its authenticity. Fish tank water could be passed through the filter carbons but must be done at least twice in 60 minutes in order to ensure the water is crystal clear. The carbon level could be saturated by adding food supplements as some other carbon removal substances. The level of water passing through the filter must be gauged because when it becomes too much then the chemical filter is over pressured and therefore not productive. As a fish tank owner, you should at least study the kind of fish that you’re raising o that you know the best chemical resin to get if not it may damage the fishes at the end of the day.
- Mechanical filtration method: Well, this is merely the normal filtration process that everybody understands. It involves pushing the water through a particular filtering medium in order to hold off strong, bolus and tiny components from passing to the other side. This works on the contemporary understanding of filtering but it has a lot more to function. The kind of mediums used includes sponges, normal filters and a whole lot more. Mechanical filtration depends mostly on the fineness and cleanliness of media as well as the amount of water passing through. In regard to the fineness of media, it will determine the way dirt will be held because the finer the media, the finer the quality of water on the other side. Once the media is fine, then even small particles can be held with the filter without stress but if it is the opposite which is coarse then the quality of water may not be really changed at the other side. Cleanliness of media is also important which will be determined by how much the filter is taken out and robbed of that little dirt that may contaminate the water passing through. The last dependent factor of mechanical filtration is the amount of water and cleanliness for the tank it is coming from. When the water going through the filter is much, many specks of dirt will be held and if the water keeps flowing some particles may pass through so it is advised to reduce the water pressure and was the filter at intervals. Cleanliness of task is an issue because water from a very dirty tank cannot be filtered to a clean water instantly. It has to filter again. So it is advisable to keep tanks clean so the fish tank filter functions properly. Mechanical filtration is quite interesting but must never be taken for granted in the fish tank filtration process, it is the easiest method of removing debris and specks of dirt bolus quickly.
With all said and done, it is good to know that you should not underestimate the relevance of each of the methods of filtrations. It is possible to have a crystal clear water in the tank and it is still very toxic to the fishes and it is possible to have a dirty tank and the fishes are safe. All these things could be avoided and concluded once each of those processes is conducted by the fish tank filter. Its relevance should never be underestimated especially in big fish tanks for commercial functions.
In conclusion, fish tank filter are very important in fish tank maintenance and production. It must be done biologically, chemically and mechanically to achieve the best water quality that is required.